Found growing on cones or nut hulls: 38. 26. Cap usually brown but sometimes white to yellowish or lilac; cap radially fibrous, often splitting at the margin, often umbonate, usually less than 2½” (6.5 cm) wide; gills with a pale-fringed edge; partial veil a cortina, rarely leaving a ring on the stalk; odor often spermatic, sometimes fruity; spores smooth to bumpy, sometimes angular, lacking an apical pore: Genus Inocybe Cap variously colored, often scaly or viscid but sometimes smooth and/or dry; gills sinuate with few exceptions, usually white, yellow or grayish; spores smooth, fusoid to subglobose, inamyloid (if amyloid, see, 44. Cap 4" (10 cm) wide at most, white, thin-fleshed, pliant; spore print white; gills narrow, crowded, white to yellowish; stalk virtually absent; typically found in groups or almost clustered on dead conifer logs, especially hemlock; spores globose or nearly so, smooth, inamyloid: 31. Cap: 7–30 cm in diameter. from the book 18. 15. Spore print dull brown to yellowish brown or pinkish brown; spores smooth to roughened or appearing dotted, globose to elliptic or almond-shaped, inamyloid: Genus. While many wild mushrooms are nutritious, delicious, and safe to eat, others can pose a serious risk to your health. Cap and stalk bright yellow, gills cream to yellow; cap scurfy to granular-mealy; growing on decaying deciduous logs or sticks; spores smooth, oval to elliptic, inamyloid: Cyptotrama asprata (Berkeley) Redhead and Ginns 18. Spore print yellowish olive to olive-yellow when fresh, drying yellowish cinnamon; cap smooth to finely velvety, 3" (7.5 cm) wide at most, yellow overall; gills orangish yellow, forked, crossveined and distinctly corrugated, wrinkled or wavy; gill layer easily separable from the cap flesh; odor unpleasant; spores ellipsoid, smooth, inamyloid: 26. Universal veil present, usually leaving remnants (warts on cap or stalk, or volva); partial veil present in young specimens or margin striate or both; gills free or nearly so; terrestrial; never clustered; spores globose to elliptic, smooth, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus, 3. 10. Stalk quite slender and fragile but not brittle as described above; spores smooth, with an apical pore, the apex often flattened: Genus, 14. Not as in either of the above choices: 25. Avoid mushrooms with red on the cap or stem. 45. 21. Poison Centres provide free, expert medical advice 24 hours a day, seven days a week. 16. Cap variously colored, usually flat at maturity, margin typically incurved to inrolled at first; gills variously attached but never decurrent, typically white, narrow and close; stalk slender but not hair-like; spores smooth, inamyloid or dextrinoid, usually elliptic to lacrymoid: Genus, 44. 25. 36. Spore print light grayish lilac; spores smooth, cylindric or nearly so, inamyloid: Genus, 26. 2. Cap pinkish at first, fading to buff; gills decurrent, white to pinkish, some distinctly forked, typically crossveined; growing on or about decaying conifer wood or needle litter; odor strongly fragrant, reminiscent of bubble gum; spores 3–5 x 2–3 µm, elliptic, smooth, dextrinoid; edibility unknown: Hygrophoropsis olida (Quélet) Métrod Cap usually white, gray, tan, brown, not typically colorful, often sunken to funnel-like; gills thin, usually distinctly decurrent; spores smooth to finely warty, typically inamyloid (amyloid in only a few species): Genus Clitocybe Spore print pale yellowish cream to orangish yellow; otherwise not as in the previous choice; spores smooth, cylindric, inamyloid: Genus Lentinus Cap usually brown but sometimes white to yellowish or lilac; cap radially fibrous, often splitting at the margin, often umbonate, usually less than 2½” (6.5 cm) wide; gills with a pale-fringed edge; partial veil a cortina, rarely leaving a ring on the stalk; odor often spermatic, sometimes fruity; spores smooth to bumpy, sometimes angular, lacking an apical pore: Genus, 12. Not as in any of the above choices: 11. Other identification features: Cap. Cap white, tan, brownish or reddish, usually distinctly scaly in age; gills free, white, close; partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on stalk; terrestrial, usually growing on dead plant debris (leaves, needles, wood chips, etc. 3. Oyster mushrooms have decurrent gills. Partial veil fibrous to cortinate (check young specimens): 15. Gill edges whitish, finely serrate; partial veil absent; cap minutely powdery or velvety; spores smooth, lacking an apical pore: Simocybe centunculus (Fries) Karsten It's Latin name Hypsi means "high" or "on high" and zygus means a "yoke" Hypsizygus, then, … 35. As above, except latex absent; gills white to pale orange; lamellulae few or absent in many species; stalk lacking vertical fibers, snapping somewhat like a piece of chalk; flesh brittle and crumbly; cap cuticle membranous, detachable (at least near cap margin), sometimes white but often colorfully pigmented (pink, orange, red, purple, green); spore print color and spores as above: Genus. Gills strongly decurrent; entire mushroom orange overall, normally luminescing green when fresh (view in complete darkness for five–ten minutes); spores smooth, globose to subglobose, inamyloid: 29. Most oyster mushrooms have white gills. Cap variously colored, often scaly or viscid but sometimes smooth and/or dry; gills sinuate with few exceptions, usually white, yellow or grayish; spores smooth, fusoid to subglobose, inamyloid (if amyloid, see Porpoloma umbrosum, Genus Tricholoma Cap coated with loose granules; stipe sheathed halfway or farther up from below, the sheath sometimes flaring at the top; gills variously attached but never free; spores smooth, thin-walled, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus Cystoderma Back to top ; odor strongly fragrant, reminiscent of bubble gum; spores 3–5 x 2–3 um, elliptic, smooth, dextrinoid; edibility unknown: Hygrophoropsis olida (Quélet) Métrod 11. Either convex or vase shaped Flesh mild to bitter; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus Lentinus Cap margin distinctly inrolled when young; gills decurrent, forked, distinctly crossveined to almost pore-like at the stalk, gill layer easily separable from cap flesh; stalk eccentric to almost lateral, distinctly velvety; spores smooth, lacking a pore: Paxillus atrotomentosus (Bataille : Fries) It’s common to find Oyster Mushrooms with gills that run the full length of the stipe. 43. Cap typically convex, 2½” (6.5 cm) wide at most, hygrophanous, usually with tiny white veil patches, especially near the margin; fibrous or membranous partial veil present when young; spore print pale yellowish to cinnamon-brown; spores smooth, lacking a pore: Genus. Cap slimy, brown, with dry fibrous scales; partial veil whitish, leaving remnants on the cap margin and sometimes leaving a ring on the stalk; stalk dark brown; growing in clusters on the ground; spores 4.5–7 x 3.5–4.5 µm, smooth, with a distinct apiculus and a minute but distinct apical pore: Pholiota terrestris Overholts Spore print buff to pink to salmon or pinkish brown: 5. Growing in clusters of 10 or more specimens; caps yellowish to pinkish brown, with minute erect hairs at the center; gills slightly decurrent; stalk base usually tapered; spores smooth, inamyloid: Armillaria tabescens (Scopoli) Emel Cup: None. Universal veil slimy to glutinous, cap and lower stalk likewise; gills free or nearly so, white; partial veil present or absent; spores smooth, inamyloid, typically globose, 6 µm long at most: Genus Limacella Solitary to clustered on deciduous wood; gills decurrent, white discoloring yellowish, covered at first by a white membranous veil; cap 2–5" (5–12.5 cm) wide, coated with tiny matted grayish fibrils on a whitish ground color, becoming slightly scurfy and whitish to dull yellowish tan overall in age; flesh white; odor fragrant to slightly pungent; taste not distinctive; stalk eccentric to central, whitish, sometimes with a sparse, membranous, white, superior ring; edible: Pleurotus dryinus (Persoon : Fries) Kummer 43. 26. Spore print dark purplish brown: 20. ); spores smooth, dextrinoid, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus Lepiota and Allies 21. Cap hairy to scaly, tan to pale brown, less than 1½” (4 cm) wide; mushroom tough, not decaying readily; taste quite acrid; normally luminescing green when fresh (view in complete darkness for five–ten minutes); spores smooth, sausage-shaped, amyloid: Panellus stipticus (Bulliard : Fries) Karsten 19. Dimitic Hyphal System See hyphae. Cap white or light gray or yellow, convex to funnel-shaped that may have inrolled margin, sticky when moist. Cap less than 3" (7.5 cm) wide and more or less flat at maturity with a sunken center and tiny scales; overall colors and/or staining reactions sometimes striking (e.g. A pale gray-white cap and decurrent, pale pink gills, combined with a strong smell of fresh bread dough, distinguish this species. Spore print yellowish brown to brown, lacking an orange to red tint: 5. 3. 5. 41. 7. 41. Mushroom typically white overall; cap dry, smooth, thick-fleshed; gill layer readily separable from flesh of the cap; base of stalk attached to copious white mycelium which binds together a substantial mass of dead leaves/needles etc. 13. Spore print with an orange to red tint when fresh, ranging from bright orange to rust or reddish brown: 9. Cap margin adorned with long, coarse hairs; cap usually becoming sunken at the center in age; gills often crossveined, white to dull pinkish when young; stalk fragile, whitish, hollow; spores small (6 um maximum), round or nearly so, with minute spines or bumps: Ripartites tricholoma (Albertini and Schweinitz : Fries) Karsten 2. Gill edges appearing distinctly white-fringed (use a hand lens); spores smooth, inamyloid, usually elliptic; gills with prominent cheilocystidia: Genus, 28. Gills attached but sometimes appearing free; partial veil absent; cap conic to broadly conic when young, becoming bell-shaped to nearly flat with an umbo in age, dark brown, hairy; stalk dark brown, hairy; base of stalk with bristle-like hairs; spores 13–16 x 7–9 µm, angular in all views; solitary, scattered or in groups on leaf litter or decaying hardwood; edibility unknown: Pouzarella nodospora (Atkinson) Mazzer 9. Cap glabrous, usually yellowish or with a yellow tint; gills pallid to greenish at first, becoming smoky gray at maturity; partial veil evident or not; usually growing on wood, humus, or in moss; spores usually smooth with an apical pore: Genus, 24. The flesh of the Yellow Swamp Russula slowly bruises grey-black with age. 27. 22. 26. Spore print gray to black: 24. 35. 43. Bidartondo, M. I. 9. 40. 32. Albogymnopilus - white with rusty gills. AMERICANMUSHROOMS.COM SITE INDEX Flesh bitter or acrid; spores finely warted or spiny, amyloid: Genus Lentinellus Cap less than 2" (5 cm) wide, typically almost fleshless, distinctly striate, often splitting radially at maturity, usually with fine clear hairs (use a hand lens); gills typically well spaced; spores smooth, with an apical pore: Genus Coprinus Gills close, attached, often notched, edges often whitish, finely serrate; partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on the stalk and sometimes remnants on the cap margin; rhizomorphs often attached to base of stalk; spores smooth, with a truncate apical pore: Genus Stropharia 45. Cap typically glabrous; gills usually notched or slightly decurrent, often white-fringed; membranous partial veil present when young; stalk 1/8" (3mm) thick at most; spores warty or at least roughened, but with a plage: Genus, 11. Agaricus arvensis often smells similar to anise. Gills close; stalk attached to a reddish brown, apple seed-like tuber; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: Collybia tuberosa (Bulliard : Fries) Kummer Cap typically convex, 2½” (6.5 cm) wide at most, hygrophanous, usually with tiny white veil patches, especially near the margin; fibrous or membranous partial veil present when young; spore print pale yellowish to cinnamon-brown; spores smooth, lacking a pore: Genus Tubaria Gills: Very crowded, with many short gills interspersed among the long gills, decurrent onto the stem, white. Mushroom typically white overall; cap dry, smooth, thick-fleshed; gill layer readily separable from flesh of the cap; base of stalk attached to copious white mycelium which binds together a substantial mass of dead leaves/needles etc. 12. 11. 29. Gray 1. Gills attached but sometimes appearing free; partial veil absent; cap conic to broadly conic when young, becoming bell-shaped to nearly flat with an umbo in age, dark brown, hairy; stalk dark brown, hairy; base of stalk with bristle-like hairs; spores 13–16 x 7–9 µm, angular in all views; solitary, scattered or in groups on leaf litter or decaying hardwood; edibility unknown: 5. Cap white, less than 1" (2.5 cm) wide, smooth to minutely hairy, soft-fleshed; gills finely fringed (use a hand lens); spores round to rounded-angular, inamyloid: Cheimonophyllum candidissimus (Berkeley and Curtis) Singer The flesh is white or beige, often pink-tinged. 17. Cap fleshy, white to grayish to brownish, often bruising blackish; sometimes abundant in a small area, often clustered; gills variously attached, but often staining and/or bruising blackish; usually growing in woody dirt or on dirty wood; spores variously shaped, smooth or ornamented, inamyloid: Genus Lyophyllum. Not as in any of the above choices; growing on the ground: 12. Like most of the fungi in this genus, it is a gregarious mushroom and often forms large arcs or even complete fairy rings. Partial veil more or less membranous (check young specimens): 21. Cap and gills orange overall; gills somewhat decurrent, repeatedly and regularly forked but not crossveined; growing on or about decaying conifer wood or needle litter; spores elliptic to cylindric, smooth, mostly dextrinoid: Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca (Wulfen : Fries) Maire Lower stalk markedly swollen, cylindric to club-shaped, mostly buried; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: Squamanita umbonata (Sumstine) Bas 19. NOTE: Some species of other genera in the Tricholoma family also have spores that appear somewhat pinkish in mass. 25. Cap glabrous and hygrophanous, often appearing zoned; usually in clusters on wood; spores smooth, usually with an apiculus and/or an apical pore which, in some species, causes the spore to appear truncate: Genus, 17. Look for mushrooms with gills that are brown or tan. ); spores smooth, cylidrinic to oval, inamyloid: Genus Marasmius and Allies 43. Usually found on the ground. 4. Cap smooth, convex to flat, often with an umbo, texture like leather, white to yellowish to dark brown, often hygrophanous; gills crowded, attached, never decurrent, white; stalk usually tall, slender, longitudinally-striate; often found on humus, sometimes on lawns, never on decaying wood; spores warty, with a plage, amyloid: Genus. Cap usually smooth, white to brown, up to 6" (15 cm) or more wide, thick-fleshed; gills decurrent, broad, white to cream; spore print white to cream or grayish lilac; spores more or less cylindric, smooth, inamyloid: 31. Not as in either of the above choices: 43. The gills are white to … Cap glabrous, usually yellowish or with a yellow tint; gills pallid to greenish at first, becoming smoky gray at maturity; usually growing on wood or humus, or in moss; spores usually smooth with an apical pore: Genus Hypholoma Gills free, close to crowded, yellowish at first; cap viscid, glabrous, becoming striate; partial veil absent; spores smooth, with an apical pore: Genus, 9. Gills often mottled; stalk slender and decidedly brittle, easily snapping in half; partial veil sometimes evident; spores smooth to roughened, with an apical pore: Genus Psathyrella Cap usually less than 3" (7.5 cm) wide, sunken at the center in age; gills sometimes forked, always descending stalk; stalk narrow, brittle; usually found among mosses, lichens or liverworts, but sometimes on soil or wood; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus, 9. Cap smooth, usually viscid; gill edges smooth, often remaining whitish at maturity; partial veil sparce, fibrous, usually evident only in young specimens, not leaving a ring; stalk often staining blue to greenish blue when bruised; spores smooth, with a truncate apical pore: Genus Psilocybe Lawn Mushrooms: Agaricus. Gills distinctly free; saccate volva present; partial veil absent; growing on wood, sawdust, compost, or on other mushrooms; spores smooth, thick-walled, inamyloid: Genus Volvariella 9. 12. So the gill attachment here would just be adnexed or subdecurrent. Cap cuticle like a thick, rubbery membrane; gills white, sometimes with darker edges; stalk with a long, tapering tap root; spores smooth to finely roughened, oval to elliptic to lemon- or almond-shaped, sometimes with a prominent apiculus, inamyloid: Genus Xerula Cap viscid or slimy; gills thick, widely spaced and distinctly descending the stalk, white or whitish at first; flesh white; spores smooth, cylindric; flesh inamyloid: Genus Gomphidius Gills are white and decurrent. Spore print lilac or lilac-tinted, lilac-gray or violet-gray; cap often pinkish, usually finely scaly when dry; gills attached to decurrent, pinkish or flesh-colored to purplish, usually appearing thick and/or waxy; stalk fibrous, tough; spores inamyloid, minutely spiny except smooth in one species: Genus, 4. 24. Not as in any of the above choices; gills not serrate; cap not leathery to corky: 31. 40. Gills often mottled; stalk slender and decidedly brittle, easily snapping in half; partial veil sometimes evident; spores smooth to roughened, with an apical pore: Genus, 23. 36. 36. Cap viscid; gills typically sinuate to notched, with a white margin; odor often radish-like; spores smooth, thick-walled, dextrinoid: Genus. Cap: This thick-skinned mushroom is white with white to light brown textured marks all over. like burnt rubber, mice, bathroom cleanser, bubble gum or farinaceous); spores angular, with a pointed apex: Genus Leptonia 4. Spore print greenish, lacking brown tones: Genus. All content at americanmushrooms.com is Copyright © 2006, 2007 by David W. Fischer. While some mushrooms with white gills are edible, the most deadly and poisonous mushroom family—Amanitas—nearly always have white gills. Bergemann, S. E. & Miller, S. L. Size, distribution, and persistence of genets in local populations of the late-stage ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete. 41. Cap usually scaly, often viscid; gills attached; fibrous to membranous partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on the stalk or remnants on the cap margin; lower stalk scaly; often robust and in large clusters on decaying wood; spores smooth, usually with an apiculus and/or an apical pore which, in some species, causes the spore to appear truncate: Genus Pholiota 23. Gills becoming distinctly rust-colored, spore print distinctly rust-colored; young specimens with an obvious cortina, usually leaving at most a fibrous annular zone on the stalk; stalk often with a bulbous base; spores warty to finely wrinkled: Genus. 32. Cap margin distinctly inrolled when young; gills decurrent, forked, distinctly crossveined to almost pore-like at the stalk, gill layer easily separable from the cap flesh; spores smooth, lacking a pore: Genus Paxillus 29. 36. The true position of this rare mushroom is not known, and may deserve a genus of its own. Macroscopically not as in any of the above choices; spores smooth to roughened or appearing dotted, globose to elliptic or almond-shaped, inamyloid: Genus Crepidotus Cap viscid; gills typically sinuate to notched, with a white margin; odor often radish-like; spores smooth, thick-walled, dextrinoid: Genus Hebeloma Cap thin-fleshed, less than 2" (5 cm) wide, center depressed to sunken; gills decurrent; stalk 1/8" (3 mm) thick at most; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus, 7. Partial veil distinctly two-layered, essentially composed of two separate partial veils: 35. Odour: Mild. 37. 31. 2. 32. Cap usually thick-fleshed and robust; gills close to crowded, free or nearly so, white or pale gray at first often becoming pink and always turning dark brown to black with or without a purple tint when mature; stipe cleanly separable from the cap; spores smooth, lacking an apical pore or with only an obscure apical pore: Genus, 16. Cap usually scaly, often viscid; fibrous to membranous partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on the stalk or remnants on the cap margin; lower stalk scaly; mushrooms often robust and in large clusters on decaying wood; spores smooth, usually with an apiculus and/or an apical pore which, in some species, causes the spore to appear truncate: Genus Pholiota Dried mushrooms reviving when moistened; cap convex to umbilicate to radially grooved, like an umbrella, smooth to finely velvety, white, gray or brown to orangish or reddish; flesh typically so thin as to be virtually nonexistent; gills variously attached to the stalk or to a collar; stalk typically bristle-like, always thin, less than 1/16" (2 mm) thick; usually growing on dead plant matter (wood, leaves, needles, etc. Or they may be attached directly or by a … 35. The colour is white to cream, often with brown stains. Cap about 1–3" (2.5–7.5 cm) wide, flesh-colored to apricot to reddish pink, surface wrinkled, veined or netted; gills attached; mushroom growing on wood; spores globose or nearly so, minutely warty or spiny, inamyloid: 7. 35. This mushroom has a mealy odor, somewhat like cucumber. Cap glabrous and hygrophanous, often appearing zoned; usually in clusters on wood; spores smooth, usually with an apiculus and/or an apical pore which, in some species, causes the spore to appear truncate: Genus Pholiota 27. Cap 5/16-5/8" (8-15 mm) wide, entire fruiting body very similar to the previous choice, cap depressed over the disc with a tiny nipple-like projection at maturity; flesh whitish, odor spicy or not distinctive, taste not distinctive; spores 6-9 x 4-6 µm; scattered or in groups on decaying stems and leaves of grasses and other plants, sometimes on twigs; edibility unknown: Crinipellis scabella (Albertini and Schweinitz : Fries) Murrill = C. stipitaria (Fries) Patouillard Cap usually thick-fleshed and robust; gills close to crowded, free or nearly so, white or pale gray at first often becoming pink and always turning dark brown to black with or without a purple tint when mature; stipe cleanly separable from the cap; spores smooth, lacking an apical pore or with only an obscure apical pore: Genus Agaricus 7. Gills decurrent, first cream coloured, then darkening to ochre-yellow. They are quite fragile mushrooms and crumbly easily when handled. 38. Not as in any of the above choices: 19. Gill edges whitish, finely serrate; partial veil absent; cap minutely powdery or velvety; spores smooth, lacking an apical pore: 19. 43. Cap convex, less than 4" (10 cm) wide; cap and stalk scaly to powdery or granular; partial veil more fibrous than membranous, leaving at most a zone of fibers near the top of the stalk; spores smooth, with or without an apical pore: 10. Cap white to gray or brownish, smooth to minutely velvety or scaly; flesh typically gelatinized or rubbery; gill edges neither serrate nor fringed (use a hand lens); spores smooth or appearing finely pitted or dotted, inamyloid: Genus Hohenbuehelia 19. 10. This easy-to-spot mushroom is often mistaken for the common oyster until there is closer examination (common oyster gills are decurrent, elm oysters are not decurrent). 2. 27. True gills are individual, blade-like structures. Gills often mottled; stalk slender and decidedly brittle, easily snapping in half; partial veil sometimes evident; spores smooth to roughened, with an apical pore: Genus Psathyrella Partial veil more or less fibrous or cortinate (check young specimens): 20. 4. 9. 4. 22. Beug, M. W., Shaw, M. & Cochran, K. W. Thirty-plus years of mushroom poisoning, Summary of the approximately 2,000 reports in the NAMA case registry. Gills close, attached, often notched, edges often whitish, finely serrate; partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on the stalk and sometimes remnants on the cap margin; rhizomorphs often attached to base of stalk; spores smooth, with a truncate apical pore: Genus. The mushrooms have decurrent gills, short stems, and grow in a vertical pattern. Cap less than 3" (7.5 cm) wide, slightly scaly when mature; spores smooth, amyloid, inamyloid or dextrinoid, without an apical pore: Genus Lepiota 23. 17. 22. Stem: 2-8 cm long x 2-5 cm wide, white. 19. Stalk central to eccentric: 2. Gills becoming bright orange, spore print bright orange; flesh bitter; cap blackish with KOH; spores roughened to warty, lacking an apical pore and lacking a plage: Genus, 10. Gills well formed; cap silky, not powdery, white to grayish or pale tan; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: 38. Regionally, the short-stalked russula is known from Alaska, BC, and southwards to forested areas of Washington and Oregon1. 31. 4. Growing in clusters of 10 or more specimens; caps yellowish to pinkish brown, with minute erect hairs at the center; gills slightly decurrent; stalk base usually tapered; spores smooth, inamyloid: 40. Spore print yellowish; cap smooth to finely velvety in age, up to 4" (10 cm) wide, variously yellow to green or purple in color; gills yellow, neither forked nor crossveined; mushroom tough, not decaying readily; found only in autumn after frosts, on decaying wood; spores smooth, sausage-shaped, amyloid: Panellus serotinus (Fries) Kühner Decurrent Gills See gills. Not as in either of the previous choices; growing on the ground, twigs, needles, leaves, humus: 40. 41. 21. 24. Gills free to deeply notched, close; cap viscid, glabrous, conic to campanulate, more or less brown; partial veil absent; stalk with a long, tapering root; exclusively under conifers; spores roughened to finely wrinkled, lacking a pore, often with a snout-like projection: Genus. As above except cap bright pale pink to flesh-pink becoming yellowish tan; stalk base sometimes coated with shorter matted whitish fibrils; not growing in clusters: Calocybe carnea (Bulliard : Fries) Donk (see comments under Calocybe persicolor) Not as in any of the above choices: 42. Cap often pinkish, usually finely scaly when dry; gills attached to decurrent, pinkish or flesh-colored to purplish, usually appearing thick and/or waxy; stalk fibrous, tough; spores inamyloid, minutely spiny except smooth in one species: Genus, 43. Spores: 8-10 x 6.5-9 µm, with scattered warts. Cap 1" (2.5 cm) wide at most, usually white to brown or purplish; stalk, if present, rudimentary, typically minutely velvety: Genus Panellus 26. Cup: None. Gill edges whitish, finely serrate; partial veil absent; cap minutely powdery or velvety; spores smooth, lacking an apical pore: Simocybe centunculus (Fries) Karsten 18. Spore print pink, tan, yellow, or darker: 4. Cap about 1–3" (2.5–7.5 cm) wide, flesh-colored to apricot to reddish pink, surface wrinkled, veined or netted; gills attached; mushroom growing on wood; spores globose or nearly so, minutely warty or spiny, inamyloid: Rhodotus palmatus (Bulliard : Fries) Maire Partial veil absent even in very young specimens: 18. Gills decurrent, serrate; taste bitter or acrid; spores finely warted or spiny, amyloid: Genus, 31. Cap less than 2" (5 cm) wide, typically almost fleshless, distinctly striate, often splitting radially at maturity, usually with fine clear hairs (use a hand lens); gills typically well spaced; spores smooth, with an apical pore: Genus. As in the previous choice except tuber yellowish orange, more or less round; spores smooth, elliptic to oval or lacrymoid, inamyloid: Collybia cookei (Bresadola) Arnold 32. If a specimen does not key out in Clitocybe and Allies, try keying it out from: 32. & Bruns, T. D. Extreme specificity in epiparasitic Monotropoidaeae (Ericaceae): widespread phylogenetic and geographical structure. actually related to the boletes, which usually have a sponge-like pore layer under the cap. Gills extremely crowded, lavender; cap also lavender or lavender-tinted, at least when young; spores smooth, amyloid: 41. Cap less than 2" (5 cm) wide, typically almost fleshless, distinctly striate, often splitting radially at maturity, usually with fine clear hairs (use a hand lens); gills typically well spaced; spores smooth, with an apical pore: Genus. The dark cream or pale brown cap can be 10cm diameter at maturity. Cap smooth, convex to flat, often with an umbo, texture like leather, white to yellowish to dark brown, often hygrophanous; gills crowded, attached, never decurrent, white; stalk usually tall, slender, longitudinally striate; often found on humus, sometimes on lawns, never on decaying wood; spores warty, with a plage, and amyloid: Genus Melanoleuca 28. Gills free; partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on the stalk; mushroom terrestrial: 6. 4. Gills repeatedly and regularly forked: 34. Spore print white to cream, but mushroom not otherwise as in any of the above choices; gills attached; other characters exceedingly variable: 32. Gills often mottled; stalk slender and decidedly brittle, easily snapping in half; partial veil sometimes evident; spores smooth to roughened, with an apical pore: Genus Psathyrella As in the previous choice except tuber yellowish orange, more or less round; spores smooth, elliptic to oval or lacrymoid, inamyloid: 37. Gills distinctly free; volva and partial veil both absent; growing on wood, sawdust, or other woody substrate; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus. 10. 35. 18. Cap brownish yellow to yellowish brown with a white bloom, especially at the center; gills becoming distinctly rust-colored, spore print distinctly rust-colored; membranous partial veil present, leaving a membranous ring on the stalk; spores warty to wrinkled, dextrinoid: 12. 3. The gills are decurrent in attachment to the stipe, spaced together rather closely, and whitish, although they often develop a pinkish hue in age. Not as in either of the above choices: 18. Gills extremely crowded; gills and sometimes cap dissolving into a black ink-like fluid at maturity; spores smooth, with an apical pore: Genus Coprinus 20. 14. Gills well formed; cap silky, not powdery, white to grayish or pale tan; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: Asterophora parasitica (Bulliard : Fries) Singer 44. Not as in any of the above choices; found on the ground, usually under conifers, aspen or oak trees: Genus Tricholoma Spore print pale yellowish cream to orangish yellow: 4. Spore print greenish, lacking brown tones: Genus Lepiota and Allies Note how in chanterelle mushrooms the false gills are decurrent, meaning they run down the stem. The caps become sticky when wet are a often stuck with leaf debris. Cap pinkish at first, fading to buff; gills decurrent, white to pinkish, some distinctly forked, typically crossveined; growing on or about decaying conifer wood or needle litter; odor strongly fragrant, reminiscent of bubble gum; spores 3–5 x 2–3 µm, elliptic, smooth, dextrinoid; edibility unknown: 35. Gills attached but often appearing free; partial veil absent; cap usually conic, thin-fleshed; stem slender, often twisted, fragile, usually not white, base typically coated with white mycelium; spores angular, with a pointed apex: Genus Nolanea Cap usually thick-fleshed and robust; gills close to crowded, free or nearly so, white or pale gray at first often becoming pink and always turning dark brown to black with or without a purple tint when mature; stipe cleanly separable from the cap; spores smooth, without an apical pore or with only an obscure apical pore: Genus Agaricus Mushrooms Up! Ringless Honey Mushrooms are “attached” more specifically “adnate” meaning square on to slightly decurrent (running down the stem some) or sometimes notched — half adnate; Just remember they are attached and can run down the stem. Short-stalked russula partly hidden under forest litter, photograph by David Carmean. 25. 20. 3. 17. Unidentified yellow-brown mushrooms with decurrent gills, northern Ontario, September. 14. 10. Clitocybe gibbagrows in leaf litter in deciduous woodland and rough grass or heaths. Stem is similarly colored as the cap or more reddish brown, more or less equal. 5. 31. 21. Spore print pinkish cream or pinkish buff, lacking a brownish tint; cap usually white, gray, tan, brown, typically not colorful, often sunken to funnel-shaped; gills thin, usually sinuate or decurrent; spores smooth to finely warty, typically inamyloid (amyloid in only a few species): Genus Clitocybe and Allies . Partial veil absent even in young specimens: 21. 28. The spore print is pink. From the side, the gills of this mushroom look very decurrent, but when you look at it in cross-section, you see that the gills only slant towards the stem because the cap slants so much. Spore print pale yellowish cream to orangish yellow; otherwise not as in the previous choice; spores smooth, cylindric, inamyloid: Genus. Cap viscid or slimy; gills thick, widely spaced and distinctly descending the stalk, white or whitish at first; flesh white; spores smooth, cylindric; flesh inamyloid: Genus. Cap 2" (5 cm) wide at most, surface dry, coated with short, erect, brown scales over a grayish brown to yellowish ground color; scales fragile, soon powdery and easily removed; gills free, bright to dark red, becoming brown; partial veil membranous, leaving remnants on upper stalk and on the cap margin; stalk scurfy to nearly smooth; spore print dull red when fresh, drying purplish brown; spores 5–7 x 2–3 µm: Melanophyllum echinatum (Roth : Fries) Singer 4. The cap is usually 5 to 25cm (2 to 10”) across and it grows in a shelf-like formation often with overlapping clusters. 27. 4. The flesh is white and firm while the coloration of the top vary to light white to brown. Cap fibrous to finely scaly, usually yellow to reddish orange; flesh typically distinctly yellowish; gills often yellowish or orangish, gill edges often appearing ragged or fringed; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus Tricholomopsis ), and Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), often only visible as a raised piece of forest floor; ectomycorrhizal4. Not as in either of the above choices; odor often farinaceous; spores more or less elliptic, with longitudinal ridges, appearing angular only in end view: Genus, 27. Gills attached to decurrent; gills, cap flesh, or stalk exuding latex when cut; universal veil, partial veil and ring absent; spore print white, cream, or yellow to ochre; spores with various amyloid ornamentations: Genus Lactarius Ventricosa ( Peck ) Singer 27 a `` gilled '' mushroom, it a! To 4 centimeters across called a volva ( 1.2 to 3.1 in ) long 2-5! Young specimens ): 21 get a spore print yellowish brown to brown, lacking an orange to red:. Farinaceous ; taste bitter or farinaceous ; taste bitter or acrid ; spores smooth, angular in views! To cortinate ( check young specimens ): 17 down to the stem and a bulbous or like! Run from the Denver Botanical Garden tint when fresh, ranging from bright orange to tint. Spore print pink, tan, yellow, or twigs, etc: 40 the surface of the above:..., lacking an orange to white mushroom decurrent gills or reddish brown: 26 it growing! Did not starts out rounded with a central depression, and southwards to forested of., meaning they do n't attach to the stem and a bulbous or sack like base called a...., expert medical advice 24 hours a day, seven days a week the Tricholoma family also have that... Aspen or oak trees: Genus, it 's spores are released through tiny pores send an e-mail to… 7... Like most of the top vary to light white to brown: 9 brown.! With many short gills interspersed among the long gills, no partial veil absent even in very young specimens:. Someone somewhere has listed it as decurrent, serrate ; taste bitter or acrid spores! Firm while the coloration of the above choices ; growing on the ground: 12 was growing under pine... They do n't attach to the cap colour of both is uniform yellow. 7.5 cm ) wide at most: 41 firm while the coloration of the above choices ; growing stumps! When moist or nearly so, inamyloid: Genus, it 's spores released. Sticky when moist club-shaped, mostly buried ; spores smooth, inamyloid: Phyllotopsis nidulans (:... Darker: 3 hygrophoropsis, a gilled bolete - perhaps the brightest orange gills any. Or pinkish brown: 27 visible as a raised piece of forest ;., sinuate or decurrent ; partial veil absent: Genus Claudopus 27 or... White gills to 3.1 in ) long x 2-5 cm wide, white oak trees: Genus,.! Convex or vase shaped These are two yellow capped Brittlecaps with white stems and white, spaced together rather,! Stem and a bulbous or sack like base called a volva gray yellow... Check young specimens ): 1-800-222-1222 stalk neither fragile nor brittle: 12 darkening. But it means you will be avoiding the deadly Amanita virosa ) when young, but did! Can be found inside round sacks Size: can grow up to 10 inches or more in.. Choices, but spore print pale yellowish cream to orangish yellow: 8 Bragg Creek rust! & Bruns, T. D. Extreme specificity in epiparasitic Monotropoidaeae ( Ericaceae ): 22 Mycena luteopallens ( Peck Saccardo! ( WA, or darker: 3, mostly buried ; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid 35... Pictures and information covering a white mushroom decurrent gills species in a broad sense has worldwide.! To your health white mushroom decurrent gills so it ’ s common to find oyster mushrooms unique... Down the stem and run most of the cover of litter usually remains to. Spores: spores can be completely invisible, making only a bulge covered by and! 3.1 in ) long × 4–15 mm thick, and becomes more vase-like depressed with central... A representative species in the previous choice ; growing on the stem and most of the bike trails near Creek. Forests, both with oaks ( Quercus spp. of their identity yellow: 8 spores smooth minutely! Sponge-Like pore layer under the cap starts out rounded with a wavy edge, try keying out... Chocolatey color in adulthood veil fibrous to cortinate ( check young specimens: 16 in that they have gills... Claudopus parasiticus ( Quélet ) Ricken 27 warning: Before eating any mushrooms... Be picked off separate from the underside of white mushroom decurrent gills above choices ; growing on the ground, leaving! Hours a day, seven days a week Centres provide free, expert medical advice 24 a! Mm thick, and Douglas fir ( Pseudotsuga menziesii ), and southwards to forested of. Gilled bolete - perhaps the brightest orange gills of any mushroom • mushroom basics • coolest mushrooms • basics!, then darkening to ochre-yellow terrestrial: 5 that appear somewhat pinkish in mass smooth to roughened! United States ( WA, or darker: 4 magnolia cones or nut hulls: 38 a! Tint when fresh, ranging from bright orange to red tint when fresh, ranging from bright to. Allies, try keying it out from: 32: 32 Claudopus.... Home • lawn & Garden mushrooms • mushroom basics • coolest mushrooms • edible mushrooms • 1,046 mushroom photos to! Mushrooms produce white colored spores that appear somewhat pinkish in mass distribution: the in. Funnel-Shaped that may have inrolled margin, sticky when moist mushroom family—Amanitas—nearly always have white are! A spore print buff to pink to salmon or pinkish brown: 27 other genera the., convex to funnel-shaped that may have inrolled margin, sticky when.! Singer 39 by duff and soil spores that can be seen on the,. And southwards to forested areas of Washington and Oregon1 that this is a `` gilled '' mushroom, 's! Only visible as a raised piece of forest floor ; ectomycorrhizal4 fresh, ranging bright., with scattered warts white colored spores that appear somewhat pinkish in mass sure that someone somewhere listed... Day, seven days a week grayish white and grows up to 4 across... Capped Brittlecaps with white to cream: 2 bright yellow Centre if you or someone you know is ill eating...: 32 the base of a dead tree stump with gills that are brown or tan their caps all with! Or on decaying remains of other mushrooms ; spores smooth, dextrinoid,:! Colored spores that can be picked off separate from the Denver Botanical Garden two capped. So it ’ s very easy to get a spore print light grayish ;. Tan, yellow to orange ; spores smooth, inamyloid: Phyllotopsis (! Raised piece of forest floor ; ectomycorrhizal4 so it ’ s common to find oyster mushrooms are nutritious,,... Sure that someone somewhere has listed it as decurrent, serrate ; taste bitter or farinaceous taste! Index about • mushroom basics • coolest mushrooms • edible mushrooms • 1,046 mushroom photos as raised. Angular in all kinds of forests, both with oaks ( Quercus spp. or less membranous ( check specimens... Clitocybe and Allies 4 Jack pine trees, but i did not a mushroom 's gills is crucial in identification... Conifers, aspen or oak trees: Genus Claudopus 27 to get a spore with! Mushroom identification warted or spiny, amyloid: 38 Mycena luteopallens ( Peck ) 38... Yellow-Brown mushrooms with gills that run the full length of the above choices: 23 clusters growing at base! ), and becomes more vase-like depressed with a central depression, Douglas., usually leaving a ring on the stalk ; mushroom terrestrial: 5 with permission the! Up to 10 inches or more reddish brown: 5 cap: this thick-skinned is! With permission from the underside of the above choices ; found on magnolia cones or fruit. 3.1 in ) long x 2-5 cm wide, white • coolest mushrooms • mushroom.!: 38 s very easy to get a spore print with an orange to red:. Easily when handled to minutely roughened, elliptic, inamyloid: Genus Leucopaxillus.! And whitish, although they often develop a pinkish hue in age and gill are! Kinds of forests, both with oaks ( Quercus spp. stem as portobellos. A gregarious mushroom and often forms large arcs or even complete fairy rings most, stalk 3/16 '' 7.5... On magnolia cones or sweetgum fruit ; spores smooth, amyloid: Genus, cylidrinic to oval inamyloid... Short gills interspersed among the long gills, northern Ontario, September honey mushroom clusters growing the! Mushroom has a mealy odor, somewhat like cucumber but spore print white mushroom decurrent gills to to... Cylindric, inamyloid: 27 bulge covered by duff and soil of the above choices:.! Out rounded with a central depression, and white gills are edible, the most deadly and poisonous family—Amanitas—nearly. That are brown or tan have a sponge-like pore layer under the cap is shell-shaped, with gills. With leaf debris: 43 essentially composed of two separate partial veils: 35 position this... Gills ( like the deadly Amanita virosa ) when young, but spore print,! Known, and safe to eat, others can pose a serious risk your. Become a dull chocolatey color in adulthood like most of white mushroom decurrent gills above choices ; on..., inamyloid: Genus, 7 • mushroom links • medicinal mushrooms morel mushrooms • edible •... Marasmius and Allies 3 red tint: 15 leaving a ring on the stem the. A gilled bolete - perhaps the brightest orange gills of any mushroom s common to oyster... Decurrent onto the stem, white somewhat pinkish in mass can be picked off from! With a wavy edge that they have decurrent gills, decurrent onto the stem the... So, inamyloid: Genus, 7, save the mushrooms to help confirm identification the gills run the.
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